فارسی

Yadollah Samareh

An Iranian linguist and emeritus professor of linguistics, a permanent member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature

Born: April 30, 1932, Kerman, Iran
Died: February 22, 2019, Tehran, Iran
 

In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries honored him the title of an Iranian dignitary during a commemoration ceremony on December 9, 2020

Biography

He was born in Kerman province in a cultured family. His father was a school principal and his mother was a teacher. He spent part of his primary education through homeschooling in Kerman. But when his father was transferred to Sirjan to serve as school manager, he experienced six years of formal education. Then he entered Pedar high school where he completed his education and received a diploma in literature. In October 1950, he joined the Ministry of Culture and Education as a first grade teacher. He came to Tehran in 1957 and began to study Persian Literature at Tehran University. In 1959, his literary work started through his collaboration with Allameh Dehkhoda. In 1960, he obtained his bachelor's degree with honors in Persian Literature from Tehran University's Faculty of Literature. In 1962, he was granted UK postgraduate scholarship to study linguistics at the University of London. 
Samrareh was the first Iranian, who received a doctorate in general linguistics from the University of London, specializing in phonetics and phonology. After returning to his homeland in 1968, he entered the linguistics department of Tehran University and taught phonetics and phonology. In 1971, he cooperated with Iran`s Academy of Persian Language and Literature and founded the Dialectology Research Institute. In the same year, he received the rank of assistant professor. In 1973, he became a permanent member of the International Phonetics Association (IPA). In 1986, he won Iran`s National Book of the Year Award for the translation of the book ‘Silent Languages’ with the cooperation of Badr al-Zaman Gharib, an Iranian renowned linguist. In 1990, he was promoted to the rank of full professor and a year later became the director of the Linguistics Department of the Faculty of Literature, Tehran University. Samreh finally retired in 1997.
In addition to academic services in university, Samareh carried out constructive activities in the National Geographical Organization of Iran to contribute carrying out the project of dialectal data collection. In the World Standard Organization and in cooperation with ISO, he succeeded in introducing the Persian script independent of the Arabic script
In fact, even after his retirement, he continued his teaching and scientific and cultural activities. For several years, he collaborated with the Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch. In 2002, he founded the Linguistics Society of Iran (LSI) and served as its president. In 2003, he became a permanent member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature. In 2004, he received the gold medal of Tehran University and became the director of the Persian Dialects Department of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature. 
Yadollah Samrah died on February 22, 2019 in Tehran. He is regarded as one of the founders of Persian linguistics. In addition to dozens of valuable articles left by him on linguistics, the 5-volume collection "Azma" is his most influential work.
In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries (SACWD) honored him the title of ‘Iran`s dignitary’ in a commemoration ceremony on December 9, 2020.
 

Works

•    Persian Phonetics
•    Teaching Persian
•    Persian language teaching. Elementary course
•    Enseignement de la langue persane
•    Persische Sprachlehre