فارسی

Badiozzaman Forouzanfar

An Iranian scholar of Persian literature and linguistics

Born: July 12, 1904, Boshrooyeh, Ferdows County, Iran

Died: May 6, 1970, Tehran, Iran

In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries (SACWD) honored him the title of ‘Iran`s dignitary’ in a commemoration ceremony on February 19, 2008.

 

Biography

 

Mohammad Hossein Boshrooye-i, known as "Jalil Ziya" and "Badiozzaman", was born in Boshrooyeh in Ferdows County, to a culture-loving family. His father, Agha Sheikh Ali, was a great figure of Boshrooyeh and a renowned poet of the Constitutional Period. Badiozzaman received his early childhood education in his hometown from his father and older brother. Then he went to Mashhad Seminary and studied under such great scholars as Adib Nishaburi, Haj Mirza Hossein Sabzevari, Haj Sheikh Morteza Ashtiani, Haj Sheikh Mahdi Khalesi, Seyed Mohammad Baqer Modares Razavi and Haj Sheikh Abbas Shahroudi.
In addition to school, Farouzanfar also attended literary and poetry circles and showed his genius by reciting long Arabic and Persian odes. Thereby, he was nicknamed "Badiozzaman" (meaning the oddity of time) by Qavam al-Saltaneh, the then governor of Khorasan province. Of course, some people believe that this title was given to him by Adib Nishaburi.
Forouzanfar came to Tehran in 1924 and pursued his scholarly education in Sepahsalar School where he learned Sharh al-Isharat, Kitab al-Shifa and Kitab al-Qanun of Ibn Sina from Mirza Taher Tonekaboni and Principles of Jurisprudence from Sheikh Hossein Najmabadi. In addition, he studied an exposition of Euclid's 'Elements of Geometry' and Mulla Sadra`s al-Asfar al- Arba'ah under Mirza Mahdi Modares Ashtiani, and Sharh-e Chaghmini under Adib Neishaburi. Thus, he gained an astonishing command over ancient Iranian wisdom and Philosophy of Masha. 
In 1926, he began to teach the Principles of Jurisprudence in Dar al-Funun and later in 1929, he continued his teaching career in Persian language and literature at Dar al-Mu`alimin where he collaborated with such great scholars as Malek al-Sho`ara Bahar, Abbas Iqbal Ashtiani, Rashid Yasemi, Nasrullah Falsafi and Saeed Nafisi. He was a scholar of Persian literature, culture and linguistics and a peerless expert on Mawlana Jalaleddin Rumi and was granted a Doctorate of Philosophy by the jury of the University of Tehran headed by Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda for his research on the life and works of Rumi. In the same year, he became a member of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature.
Forouzanfar then started teaching at the University of Tehran and in the meantime was a prolific researcher, member of the Senate, and director of the Royal Library. During his teaching profession at the University of Tehran, he taught many students such as Abdul Hossein Zarinkoob, Zabihullah Safa, Mehdi Hamidi Shirazi, Gholam Hossein Yousefi, Mohammad Reza Shafi`ei Kadkani, Seyed Sadeq Goharin, Mazaher Musafa, Ziauddin Sajjadi, Manouchehr Sotoudeh, and Mohammad Dabirsiaghi who later became among the prominent scholars of Iran. Farozanfar finally retired in 1967.
He made several trips abroad which includes travelling to Lebanon at the invitation of the University of Beirut to establish an official chair of Persian language, participation in the Islamic Congress of Pakistan and visiting the tomb of Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi in Turkey.
Farozanfar was one of the most prominent and great masters of Persian language and literature and mystical texts. Among the poets, he showed tremendous enthusiasm for Rumi. In addition to Persian language, he carried out research on Islamic studies, especially history of Islam. His research greatly contributed to revive important works of Persian classic literature and wisdom. All of which are the result of years of study and research in various texts. In 1934, he made effort in translating the selected verses of Quran on the recommendation of Ali Asghar Hikmat Kafil, the then Minister of Education for school students which was published as primary and secondary school textbooks under the title of "Selected Verses from the Holy Qur'an". 
He died on May 6, 1970 in Tehran and his body was buried in Shah Abd al-Azim shrine.
In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries (SACWD) honored him the title of ‘Iran`s dignitary’ in a commemoration ceremony on February 19, 2008.
 

Works

 

Among several works published by him are:
•    Ahadith-i Mathnawi (Hadith and Stories of Masnavi)
•    Sokhan-va-Sokhanvarn (Speech and Speakers)
•    Resaleh- dar Tahqiq-e Ahval va Zendegi-e Mowlana
(Treatise on the life of Mowlana Jalaluddin Muhammad known as Maulavi
•    Tariq-e Eshq; Sharh-e Qazaliat-e Hafez (The Way of Life; A commentary on some poems by Hafez
•    Montakhabat-e Shahnameh (A Selection from Shahnameh
•    Montakhabat-e Adabiyat-e Farsi (A Selection from Persian Literature)
•    Tarikh-e Adabiyat-e Iran (History of Iranian Literature
•    Farhang-e Tazi be Farsi (Arabic - Persian Dictionary
•    Zende-ye Bidar: Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (Alive, son of Awake, Hayy Ibn Yaqzan)
•    Dastoor Zaban-e Farsi (Persian Grammar)
•    Sharh-e Masnavi-e Sharif (A Commentary on Masnavi-e Sharif)
•    Critical edition of Rumi's Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi (in 10 volumes)
•    Critical edition of Fihi ma Fihi 
•    Edition of Koliyat-e Shams
•    Edition of Divan-e Kabir